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ОРАНЖЕРЕЯ/ ЗИМНИЙ САД — пристройка или строение для выращивания растений. Первые оранжереи появились очень и очень давно, ещё во второй половине 16 века во Франции. Они предназначались для зимнего сохранения теплолюбивых плодовых растений. Апельсинов в первую очередь (orange). Наш Ораниенбаум, кстати, имеет на своём гербе померанцевое дерево, намекающее на оранжереи, в которых выращивали цитрусовые. 
Первая стеклянная оранжерея с печным отоплением для круглогодичного выращивания экзотических растений была построена в Ботаническом саду Лейдена в 1599 году.

Оранжереи строят из стекла или пластика. Внутри них исходящее от солнца инфракрасное излучение подогревает растения и почву. Воздух, нагретый от внутренней поверхности, удерживается внутри конструкции крышей и стенками.